Knitting Abbreviations - What Those Letters Mean

Feel a little lost with those knitting abbreviations in your knitting pattern? 

Knitting does seem to have it's own language especially when you're reading through a pattern. You'll see letters muddled together and terms that you may not be sure about.

The good news is I'll help you sort it out

I've created a list of the most common abbreviations and their meanings.


Knitting abbreviations

These are basic knitting abbreviations and as you continue learning to knit these will become much easier to understand. 

There's always going to be new ones popping up so get used to the basic ones, the rest will come later.

You'll find a lot of the basic knitting abbreviations are just short forms of the word itself, for instance 

  • k for knit 
  • p for purl
  • tog for together

And if an abbreviation is two words long it will be a short form of the two words, RH for right hand and you guessed it LH for left hand. 

Most beginner knitting patterns will have simple abbreviations which you'll be able to familiarize yourself with as you work through the pattern. 

And most well written knitting patterns will list the knitting abbreviations used plus an explanation if it's a more complicated stitch.

As you practice and become more familiar with knitting the abbreviations will start making more sense too.

Take a look at the list below. Some have links that you can click on for a little extra help.

Common Knitting Abbreviations

Abbreviation

What it Means

alt

alternate

approx

approximately

beg

beginning

bet

between

CO

cont

continue

Cr2BP  =  cross 2 back purl


Cr2FP     =  cross 2 front purl


Slip next stitch onto cable needle, leave in back of work, K1 then P1 from cable needle

Slip next stitch onto cable needle, leave in front of work. P1 then k1 from cable needle

Cr2F       = cross 2 front knit


Cr2B       =  cross 2 back knit


Slip next stitch onto cable needle, leave in front of work, knit 1 then k1 from cable needle

Slip next stitch onto cable needle, leave in back of work, knit 1 then knit 1 from cable needle

dec

dpn(s)

double pointed needle(s)

foll

following

inc(s)

incl

including

kwise

knitwise

LH

left hand

M1 or m1

P or p

pat or patt

pattern

prev

previous

psso

pass slipped stitch over

ptbl

purl through back loop

pwise

purlwise

rem

remaining

rep(s)

repeat(s)

RH

right hand

rnd(s)

rounds

RS

right side

SKP

slip 1, knit 1, pass slipped stitch over (slip as if to purl)

SK2P

slip 1, k2tog, pass slip stitch over

sl 1 st

slip 1 stitch to right needle without knitting it

sm

slip marker

st(s)

stitch(es)

St st

Stockinette stitch

tbl

through back loop

tfl

through front loop

tog

together

WS

wrong side

wyib

with yarn in back of work

wyif

with yarn in front of work

yd(s)

yards

yfwd

yarn forward

yo

yarn over

**

repeat instructions within ** as required

( ) [ ]

repeat instructions within ( ) and [ ] as required


Please check out my page of  knitting terms to help understand as well. If what you're looking for isn't here it may be on that page. Or if you can't find what you're looking for just drop me a line in the comments below and I'll be happy to help.



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