Mattress stitch is a great seaming technique to use for sewing seams in knitting. It's really simple to learn and it is practically invisible. There are loads of ways to seam knitting but I think this is a great place to start.
One of the most important things to learn with knitting is how to sew knit seams. You've spent hours, days, weeks and maybe even months knitting up something wonderful and it can be ruined so easily if it isn't sewn up properly.
That beautiful stitch pattern you used for your sweater will go unnoticed if your knitted pieces look like they've been slapped together.
I've been there and my wonderful knitting just got tossed aside. In fact I even thought of giving up knitting. After all what was the point in spending weeks on something only to sew it up and have it look like a dogs breakfast.
But I learned and the crazy thing about knitting seams is that it is really, really easy. I wish I knew way back. It could have saved so much frustration.
Mattress stitch has many uses. The one use that it is best known for is sewing vertical seams like the sides of a sweater. But you can use it wherever you think it will work.
I have lots of pictures to help you. After all it may only take that one extra picture for you to completely understand how to work the mattress stitch.
As always I'm using a contrasting yarn so that you can see what I'm doing.
If you take a look at your knitting, these are the edge stitches, sometimes called the selvedge edge. Lots of times it is kind of messy but no worries, it will all be sewn up and no one will see it.
Lay your two knitted pieces out with the right side facing you just like the photo.
What you want to do is gently separate the edge stitches from the knitting stitches beside it. See in the photo. Those bars are what you will be using to mattress stitch your pieces together.
Thread your yarn needle and push it through the very last stitch on one piece of fabric (above left photo) If you'd like to keep it in place push it through the same loop again (right photo) to kind of tie it so it won't move around. (I don't usually do this but you may like too).
Next, move over to the other knitted piece and push the yarn needle through the very last stitch just like the first. You don't need to tighten the pieces yet, just keep it pretty loose like in my photo. You'll see why in a bit.
Sometimes you may find that when you start to sew your knitted piece you have one lonely bar at the beginning of your seaming. If you do see one bar you can put your yarn needle through that one bar. Just keep in mind that whatever you do on one side of your knitting needs to be done the same on the other side to keep them even.
So move over to the other side and push your yarn needle through that one bar as well (above left photo). Bring the yarn through.
This will keep it even with the other side.
Some knitters like to go through one bar all the way up their knitting and others go through 2 bars. It's just a matter of preference. I like going through 2 bars so from now on I will be going through 2.
Now move over to the other piece of fabric. Always go back to the same place you came out of previously.
Push your yarn needle through those next 2 bars. And bring the yarn through.
Move over to your other piece and go into the same place you came out of before (above left photo), pushing your needle through those next 2 bars and pull yarn through (right photo).
Keep on mattress stitching back and forth for about an inch and then stop a minute.
Here's the magic moment.
Take your yarn and firmly pull on it to bring your knitted pieces together. Try not to pull too tightly but if you do just stretch it back into shape. Isn't that cool? I just love this part. You can't even really see the red yarn. I just love the mattress stitch.
Now just continue seaming up your knitting going from one side to the other side. Every inch to inch and a half pull on your yarn to bring the pieces together.
Keep on seaming all the way up to the top. Pull on the yarn to bring the pieces together.
Here's what I do at the top. I put my yarn needle through the loop on the other piece like in the photo. Tighten it up a bit.
Then just bring the needle through the loop to kind of knot it and pull. Now you can weave that end in as well.
There ta-da. Looks really good doesn't it? You can't even see the red yarn. Oh I know that my poor swatch is stretched but even still it looks pretty cool. When you actually work the mattress stitch on your knitting it will look excellent and you won't even see the seam.
And this is what it looks like on the wrong side. I know it is quite a big looking seam right? It's OK you won't notice it and it's not noticeable or uncomfortable at all. Best thing is, it hides the ugly edge stitches.
For those of you who prefer watching I found a great mattress stitch knitting video.
Grab a cup of tea and have a look.